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state

Mission

Kind: Lunar impactor

State: Successful

Place: Moon

Operator: Soviet Union

Date

Start:

Duration: Approximately 62 hours

Mission Ending

Last Contact: 5 January 1959

Rocket

Rocket: Luna 8K72

Kind: Soviet Union

Manufacturer: OKB-1

Mass: 361.3 kilograms (797 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur, Site 1/5

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Heliocentric

Lander

"The journey, not the arrival, matters; the voyage, not the landing." - Paul Theroux



Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Russian: Мечта [mʲɪt͡ɕˈta], lit.: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover, was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit. Intended as an impactor, Luna 1 was launched as part of the Soviet Luna programme in 1959. A malfunction in the ground-based control system caused an error in the upper stage rocket's burn time, and the spacecraft missed the Moon by 5900 km (more than three times the Moon's radius). Luna 1 became the first human-made object to reach heliocentric orbit and was dubbed "Artificial Planet 1" and renamed Mechta (Dream). Luna 1 was also referred to as the "First Cosmic Ship", in reference to its achievement of Earth escape velocity.

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