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Mission

Kind: Lunar sample return

State: Successful

Place: Moon

Operator: GSMZ Lavochkin

Instruments: Stereo photographic imaging systemRemote arm for sample collectionRadiation detector

Date

Start:

Duration: 12 days

Mission Ending

"Life's like a movie, write your own ending. Keep believing, keep pretending." - Jim Henson

Rocket

Rocket: Proton-K/D

Kind: GSMZ Lavochkin

Manufacturer: GSMZ Lavochkin

Mass: 5,727 kg (12,626 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 81/23

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Selenocentric

1º Orbit: Lunar

Lander

Place: Lunar

Region: 0°30′49″S 56°21′50″E / 0.5137°S 56.3638°E / -0.5137, 56.3638Coordinates: 0°30′49″S 56°21′50″E / 0.5137°S 56.3638°E / -0.5137, 56.3638

Date: 20 September 1970, 05:18 UTC



Luna 16, also known as Lunnik 16, was an uncrewed space mission, part of the Soviet Luna program. It was the first robotic probe to land on the Moon and return a sample of lunar soil to Earth. The sample was returned from Mare Fecunditatis. It represented the first lunar sample return mission by the Soviet Union and was the third lunar sample return mission overall, following the Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 missions.

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