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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Lunar sample return

State: Successful

Place: Moon

Operator: GSMZ Lavochkin

Date

Start:

Duration: 11 days (day of launch to day of landing)

Mission Ending

"Life's like a movie, write your own ending. Keep believing, keep pretending." - Jim Henson

Rocket

Rocket: Proton-K/D

Kind: GSMZ Lavochkin

Manufacturer: GSMZ Lavochkin

Mass: 5,727 kilograms (12,626 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 81/24

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Selenocentric

1º Orbit: Lunar

Lander

Place: Lunar

Region: 3°32′N 56°33′E / 3.533°N 56.550°E / 3.533, 56.550Coordinates: 3°32′N 56°33′E / 3.533°N 56.550°E / 3.533, 56.550

Date: 21 February 1972, 19:19 UTC



Luna 20 was the second of three successful Soviet lunar sample return missions. It was flown as part of the Luna program as a robotic competitor to the six successful Apollo lunar sample return missions.

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