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state

Mission

Kind: Mars orbiter

State: Successful

Place: Mars

Operator: NASA / JPL

Date

Start:

Duration: 1 year, 4 months, 27 days

Mission Ending

Disposal: Decommissioned

Deactivated: October 27, 1972 (1972-10-28)

Rocket

Rocket: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur-D

Kind: NASA / JPL

Manufacturer: Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Mass: 997.9 kilograms (2,200 lb)

Launch Site: Cape Canaveral LC-36B

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Areocentric

1º Orbit: Mars

Lander

"The journey, not the arrival, matters; the voyage, not the landing." - Paul Theroux



Mariner 9 (Mariner Mars '71 / Mariner-I) was an unmanned NASA space probe that contributed greatly to the exploration of Mars and was part of the Mariner program. Mariner 9 was launched toward Mars on May 30, 1971 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and reached the planet on November 14 of the same year, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit another planet – only narrowly beating the Soviets' Mars 2 and Mars 3, which both arrived within a month. After months of dust storms it managed to send back clear pictures of the surface. Mariner 9 returned 7329 images over the course of its mission, which concluded in October 1972.

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