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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Mars flyby/lander

State: Spacecraft failure

Place: Mars

Operator: Lavochkin

Date

Start:

Duration: 7 months (launch to nearest approach)

Mission Ending

Last Contact: contact was maintained until 25 March 1974

Rocket

Rocket: Proton-K/D

Kind: Lavochkin

Manufacturer: Lavochkin

Mass: 3,260 kg (fueled lander and bus)

Launch Site: Baikonur 81/24

Flyby

1º Flyby: Mars

Orbit

Reference System: Heliocentric

Lander

Component: Lander



Mars 7 (Russian: Марс-7), also known as 3MP No.51P was a Soviet spacecraft launched to explore Mars. A 3MP bus spacecraft which comprised the final mission of the Mars programme, it consisted of a lander and a coast stage with instruments to study Mars as it flew past. Due to a malfunction, the lander failed to perform a maneuver necessary to enter the Martian atmosphere, missing the planet and remaining in heliocentric orbit along with the coast stage.

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