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state

Mission

Kind: Venus orbiter

State: Successful

Place: Venus

Operator: NASA / ARC

Date

Start:

Duration: 14 years, 4 months, 18 days (from launch)13 years, 10 months, 4 days (at Venus)

Mission Ending

Last Contact: October 8, 1992, 19:22 (1992-10-08UTC19:23Z) UTC

Rocket

Rocket: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR

Kind: NASA / ARC

Manufacturer: Hughes

Mass: 582 kg (1,283 lb)

Launch Site: Cape Canaveral LC-36A

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Cytherocentric

1º Orbit: Venus

Lander

"The journey, not the arrival, matters; the voyage, not the landing." - Paul Theroux



The Pioneer Venus Orbiter, also known as Pioneer Venus 1 or Pioneer 12, was a mission to Venus conducted by the United States as part of the Pioneer Venus project. Launched in May 1978 atop an Atlas-Centaur rocket, the spacecraft was inserted into an elliptical orbit around Venus on December 4, 1978. It returned data on Venus until October 1992.

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