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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Venus impactor

State: Spacecraft failure

Place: Venus

Operator: OKB-1

Date

Start:

Duration: 7 days

Mission Ending

Last Contact: 19 February 1961 (1961-02-20)

Rocket

Rocket: Molniya 8K78

Kind: OKB-1

Manufacturer: OKB-1

Mass: 6,424.0 kilograms (14,162.5 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 1/5

Flyby

1º Flyby: Venus

Orbit

Reference System: Heliocentric

Lander

"The journey, not the arrival, matters; the voyage, not the landing." - Paul Theroux



Venera 1 (Russian: Венера-1 meaning Venus 1), also known as Venera-1VA No.2 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 8 was the first spacecraft to fly past Venus, as part of the Soviet Union's Venera programme. Launched in February 1961, it flew past Venus on 19 May of the same year, however, radio contact with the probe was lost before the flyby, resulting in it returning no data.

Gallery

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