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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Venus atmospheric probe

State: Successful

Place: Venus

Operator: Lavochkin

Date

Start:

Duration: Travel: 131 daysAtmosphere: 53 minutes

Mission Ending

Last Contact: 16 May 1969 (1969-05-17), 06:54 UT

Rocket

Rocket: Molniya 8K78M

Kind: Lavochkin

Manufacturer: Lavochkin

Mass: 1,130 kilograms (2,490 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 1/5

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Heliocentric

Lander

"The journey, not the arrival, matters; the voyage, not the landing." - Paul Theroux



Venera 5 (Russian: Венера-5 meaning Venus 5) was a space probe in the Soviet space program Venera for the exploration of Venus. Venera 5 was launched towards Venus to obtain atmospheric data. The spacecraft was very similar to Venera 4 although it was of a stronger design. The launch was conducted using a Molniya-M rocket, flying from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. When the atmosphere of Venus was approached, a capsule weighing 405 kg (893 lb) and containing scientific instruments was jettisoned from the main spacecraft. During satellite descent towards the surface of Venus, a parachute opened to slow the rate of descent. For 53 minutes on May 16, 1969, while the capsule was suspended from the parachute, data from the Venusian atmosphere were returned. It landed at 3°S 18°E / 3°S 18°E / -3, 18. The spacecraft also carried a medallion bearing the State Coat of Arms of the Soviet Union and a bas-relief of Lenin to the night side of Venus. Given the results from Venera 4, the Venera 5 and Venera 6 landers contained new chemical analysis experiments tuned to provide more precise measurements of the atmosphere's components. Knowing the atmosphere was extremely dense, the parachutes were also made smaller so the capsule would reach its full crush depth before running out of power (as Venera 4 had done).

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