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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Venus lander

State: Partial failure

Place: Venus

Operator: Lavochkin

Instruments: 1) COP-18-4M, 2) GS-4, 3) ITD, 4) DOW-1M,

Date

Start:

Duration: Travel: 120 daysLander: 23 minutes

Mission Ending

Last Contact: 15 December 1970, 06:00 (1970-12-15UTC07Z) UTC

Rocket

Rocket: Molniya 8K78M

Kind: Lavochkin

Manufacturer: Lavochkin

Mass: 1,180 kilograms (2,600 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 31/6

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Heliocentric

Lander

Place: Venus

Region: 05°S 351°E / 5°S 351°E / -5, 351

Date: 15 December 1970, 05:37:10 UTC



Venera 7 (Russian: Венера-7, meaning Venus 7) was a Soviet spacecraft, part of the Venera series of probes to Venus. When it landed on the Venusian surface on December 15, 1970, it became the first spacecraft to soft land on another planet and first to transmit data from there back to Earth.

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