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instrument

ROSALIND FRANKLIN (ROVER)

Target: Mars  
State: Planned

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state

Mission

Kind: Venus orbiter / lander

State: Successful

Place: Venus

Operator: Lavochkin

Date

Start:

Duration: Orbiter: 158 days Lander: 53 minutes Launch to last contact: 292 days

Mission Ending

Last Contact: Orbiter primary mission: March 22, 1976 (1976-03-23) Lander: October 22, 1975 (1975-10-23)

Rocket

Rocket: Proton-K/D

Kind: Lavochkin

Manufacturer: Lavochkin

Mass: 4,936 kg (10,882 lb)

Launch Site: Baikonur 81/24

Flyby

"Requesting permission for flyby." Maverick - Top Gun

Orbit

Reference System: Cytherocentric

1º Orbit: Venus

Lander

Place: Venus

Region: 31°01′N 291°38′E / 31.01°N 291.64°E / 31.01, 291.64(near Beta Regio)

Date: October 22, 1975, 05:13 UTC

Component: Lander



Venera 9 (Russian: Венера-9 meaning Venus 9), manufacturer's designation: 4V-1 No. 660, was a Soviet unmanned space mission to Venus. It consisted of an orbiter and a lander. It was launched on June 8, 1975, at 02:38:00 UTC and had a mass of 4,936 kilograms (10,882 lb). The orbiter was the first spacecraft to orbit Venus, while the lander was the first to return images from the surface of another planet.

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